The Representation in Spain of the European Commission, concerned about unemployed youth


He has informed the Cortes de Aragón about the 2016 European Semester, the EU’s economic and budgetary policy coordination system.

In a joint session of the Commissions of Economy and Finance, Guzmán has exposed that the economic, financial and debt crisis “has been very strong, has left Europe marked,” especially to the countries of the Euro Zone, compared to what Member States have reacted by developing the banking union and reinforcing the European Semester.

He highlighted the “blow” suffered by the labor market and the fall in investment, although “we are growing again” and, in fact, the Spanish economy has done it almost twice as much as the other countries in the Euro Zone. , leaving behind the “critical situation” of 2012.

Guzmán has defended the social character of the EU, observing that “social Europe is one of the main projects and the raison d’être of the EU”, adding that “it is a dream that inspires us on a daily basis”.

In December 2016 and January 2017, the Commission, the Parliament and the European Council will agree on a medium-term strategy to “launch the policy umbrella” next year and in February the Country Report of each Member State will be presented, with an analysis in depth of economic imbalances.

The economic adviser has relied on Spain to take effective actions to reduce the deficit and not freeze the structural funds, highlighting the “common interest” to avoid it. The European Commission takes into account that the Government is in place and expects that the budget plan will be presented afterwards, updated according to “the objectives set”.

He commented that the regional funding has a “hot” interest that the European Commission follows closely and that it talks about it with the Ministry of Finance, AIREF and the Bank of Spain. It has called on all administrations to improve the quality of public spending and fight against corruption, which “has a cost




The European Semester now covers more policies, specifically financial, fiscal and macroeconomic imbalances, always with the objective of Member States “working side by side” within the framework of a “vision of Europe as a whole”. Now, the supervision of the economy of each country has been improved, new measures of stability and “structural effort” have been implemented in the medium term, and specific recommendations have been articulated for each country, with mechanisms to correct the excessive deficit and excessive imbalances. .

“There is a virtuous triangle”, deepen fiscal responsibility and “structural reforms 2.0”, relaunch investment and improve labor markets, products and services, said Guzman, noting that it is not only to optimize competitiveness since wages, but also with training and technology.



The economic counselor has defended the Juncker Plan for the encouragement of private investment in the EU, prepared after verifying that it fell “brutally”, rising since 2014 always below historical levels.

He explained this drop in investment due to the crisis of investor confidence due to “bad expectations”, and also due to the high levels of indebtedness in both the public and private sectors, as well as the limitations of access to credit.

The Juncker Plan contemplates measures to make strategic investments, with a ‘window’ of 25 percent for SMEs, to which is added a portal of European investment projects, “something that many foreign investors asked us”, a European center for investment advice, which also informs about the instruments of the European Investment Bank.

This plan includes the improvement of the investment framework, so that the legislation is “predictable and makes sense” both in each country and in the EU, in order to deepen the single market by promoting a “true union” of the energy, digital, services and capital.

It also aims to “leverage the public funds that we have, which are few, to generate the maximum amount of private investment,” said Guzmán, who has relied on generating investments worth 127,000 million euros.

In Spain, more than 10 operations of a total of 115 have been signed throughout the EU and another 209 financing agreements for 290,000 SMEs and companies with fewer than 3,000 employees.

In terms of fiscal responsibility, the economic advisor continued, the Stability and Growth Pact continues to be applied, which allows implementing measures to reduce the excessive deficit and public debt.

Spain is among the countries with the highest public deficit, along with Croatia, France and Portugal. Thus, the European Commission opened the procedure for excessive deficit in 2009, making recommendations in 2012, 2013 and 2016. For this year the target set for Spain is 4.6 percent and in 2017 of 3.1 percent, down to 2.2 in 2018.



The deputy of the PP, Ricardo Oliván, recalled the contribution of the EU to the development of Spain and the improvement of the quality of life, emphasizing that “we forget that being part of a club entails rights and obligations”, criticizing who reject the Juncker Plan and then “dismiss investments” for cities such as Madrid, Barcelona and Zaragoza.

The socialist parliamentarian, Leticia Soria, has opined that “one of the main priorities must be to reduce economic, social and territorial inequalities”, hence the importance of cohesion policy. “We believe that a social Europe is possible,” he stressed.

The deputy of Podemos, Hector Vicente, has stated that “from the Europe of solidarity and rights has been passed to the austerity and cuts”, so that “today’s EU moves away from the European dream that in its day we build. ” Román Sierra also intervened on behalf of the purple formation, stating that “European policies have brought great suffering to the people we represent in this chamber”, alluding to the “scourge” of social inequality and the “loss of rights” .

From the PAR, Elena Allué has warned that the breaches of Spain on the recommendations of the EU “in the end will affect the autonomy” and has lamented the “lack of budgetary resources”, which has produced a deficit in the cost of the social services that were transferred.

On behalf of C’s, Javier Martínez has warned that “expansive policies, when they are not done well end up being explosive,” which is “what happened in Spain.” He has stated that “the duties that were not done when the situation was good now we have to make them worse off”.

Gregorio Briz has made clear that from CHA “we do not share from the first to the last page” of the stability policies, throwing in face to the European Commission that “they have deepened the crisis”. The fiscal consolidation is “impossible”, has considered.

The deputy of IU, Patricia Luquin has criticized the “publicity” of the Juncker Plan, lamenting that the EU “has only been concerned with rescuing companies or banks”, transferring private debt to the public sector, and that it has abandoned “its social character” .

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PGC-Herrera recognizes a "substantial improvement" in resources of the financing model with an imbalance of 126.1 million


Herrera presents the accounts of 2018 JCYL

In this sense, the regional chief executive has once again claimed the need to address the reform of the regional financing system that accounts for 60 percent of the total budget of the Community (10,859 million euros in 2018) to guarantee the essential core of the great public services and the effective equality of access of all Spaniards without being penalized by the place of residence.

Herrera recalled that following the preparation of the report of the Committee of Experts created by the Government it is now the turn to convene the corresponding meeting of the Fiscal and Financial Policy Council (CPFF), a “necessary” process in spite of the ” uncertainties “that the country is experiencing due to the” very serious irresponsibility “of Catalonia, which, it has also admitted, does not allow for being too optimistic about a rapid advance on this issue.

“The model is still insufficient”, Herrera has reaffirmed in the presentation on Wednesday of the draft Community Budgets for the year 2018 that puts deliveries on account in 6,480.91 million euros, an “important” 6.21 a hundred more that, as he has also reiterated, highlights the economic moment the country is experiencing and which he hopes will continue despite the “complicated situation” caused by the Catalan crisis.

As clarified, those 6,480.9 million euros do not include the 73.9 million that the Board has to return each year for the negative settlements of the years 2008 and 2009 and has also highlighted the positive contribution for the liquidation of the year 2016 with a “significant increase” of 57.3 percent (395 million) due to that economic recovery and the employment to which he has referred throughout the presentation of future accounts.

The main ingredient of the deliveries to account is the VAT, which will enter the regional coffers a total of 2,064.1 million euros, a 5.48 percent more, while the IRPF will contribute 1,810.6 million, with a decrease of 1.86 percent for the exemptions from January 1 to the lowest rents announced by the Minister of Finance and Public Administration, Cristóbal Montoro.

In addition, the contribution of Special Taxes will rise by 5.45 percent to 962.8 million euros, to which 606.5 of the Hydrocarbons will contribute in an essential way, with a growth of 8 percent, and a 2 percent more for tobacco, both linked to consumption and that greater economic activity, the president reiterated.

Finally, the Fundamental Public Services Guarantee Fund will experience an increase of 94 million, an 11.7 percent “also very important”, to reach 897.4 million euros, and the Sufficiency Fund rises 4.5 percent up to 424.7.



In second place are the budget revenues for the traditional and own taxes that the Board manages, which maintains the collection trend of previous years with a slight increase of 0.16 percent to 755.8 million euros.

In the specific case of Inheritance and Donations will contribute 200 million with a “slight increase” of 2.04 percent and another 195 million

they will arrive from the Patrimonial Transfer Tax, which maintains the collection of 2017, unlike Documented Legal Acts, which will decrease by 9.09 percent to 100 million euros.

Herrera has confirmed that Castilla y León will charge for the seventh consecutive year the Wealth Tax, which will raise 38 million from the income of those who have more, and has announced that the Tax on the Environmental Impact of Certain Facilities includes an estimate of collection of 10 million euros out of a total of 74 million (64 in 2017) to tax the impact of radioactive waste of a temporary nature due to the closure of Garoña.

The tax on gaming activities will enter 70 million, as in 2017, while in the concept of other rates a fall in revenue of 9.47 percent is foreseen to 30.10 million euros.

Finally, the Community will receive 2,112.1 million in transfers from the State, mostly of a finalist nature, and from the EU, 2.62 percent more than this year, of which 924.4 are associated with the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), with a slight increase compared to the traditional 923 million euros.

They are followed by the 635.4 million euros of transfers of all kinds, which account for 4.6 percent, and 280.3 million for public prices, services, reimbursement of operations and income, among other things. with 1.70 percent more. In addition, 272 million euros of European funds are contemplated with a “notable” increase of 8.3 percent in the middle of the 2014-2020 programming period, whose Operational Programs (OP) are approved.

The implementation of the operational programs of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) will also be promoted, which rise by around 12% and 8.5%, respectively, while that of the European Social Fund (ESF) decreases 1.75 percent.

Herrera recalled in this regard that the lower rates of co-financing of these programs require more regional funds to finance these activities.

Lastly, there are the financial operations, which add 1,510.4 million euros, 9.55 percent more, for a “very important increase” of 42.5 percent in the replacement debt, which will be 1,113.8 million in line with the amortization schedule but with a neutral effect on the budget, the president clarified.

For its part, the new indebtedness will amount to 314.8 million euros, 25.5 percent less, as a result of the adjustment to the deficit of -0.4 percent. The accounts contemplate 46.7 million as refunds (-62.56 percent), of which 45 derive from the return by the companies of credits that were granted in their day.

The remaining 35 million euros are loans from the European Investment Bank (EIB) granted to the Ministry of Economy and Finance to support projects of entrepreneurs and energy efficiency through the Financial Shuttle.

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